Canoeing at London 2012

The first canoes and kayaks were made thousands of years ago by native Americans and Polynesian islanders. They were originally used for hunting, fishing and transport on water.

Racing began in the 19th century, after British travel writer John MacGregor copied the design of the ancient boats, and founded the Royal Canoe Club of England in 1866.

Today, races are held on both flat water and white water courses at sites across the world.

 

London 2012 Canoe Sprint Medal Table

 

Rank

Nation

Gold

Silver

Bronze

Total

1

flag icon of Hungary, 24x24Hungary  3 2 1 6
2 flag icon of Germany, 24x24 Germany 3 1 2 6
3 flag icon of Ukraine, 24x24Ukraine 1 2 0 3
4 flag icon of Russian Federation, 24x24Russia 1 0 2 3
5 flag icon of United Kingdom, 24x24Great Britain 1 0 1 2
6 flag icon of Australia, 24x24Australia 1 0 2 3
flag icon of New Zealand, 24x24New Zealand 1 0 2 3
flag icon of Norway, 24x24Norway 1 0 2 3
7 flag icon of Belarus, 24x24Belarus 0 2 1 3
8 flag icon of Spain, 24x24Spain 0 2 0 2
9 flag icon of Canada, 24x24Canada 0 1 2 3
10 flag icon of Lithuania, 24x24Lithuania 0 1 0 1
flag icon of Portugal, 24x24Portugal 0 1 0 1
11 flag icon of Czech Republic, 24x24Czech Republic 0 0 1 1
flag icon of South Africa, 24x24South Africa 0 0 1 1
flag icon of Poland, 24x24Poland 0 0 1 1
Total 12 12 12 36

Canoeing at the Games

Within canoe racing there are two disciplines, Canoe Sprint and Canoe Slalom. Canoe is a generic term and includes kayaks and canoes. The kayak 'paddler' is in a sitting position with a double-ended paddle and the canoe 'paddler' kneels in the boat using a single-bladed paddle.

Canoe Sprint reached the Olympic Games as a demonstration event in 1924. It became a full medal sport at Berlin 1936, with women first competing (Kayak only) in London 1948.

 

Canoe Sprint

In the Sprint competitions, paddlers race across still water over distances of 500m and 1000m. There are events for single athletes (C1, K1), pairs (C2, K2) and fours (K4) and all competition takes place in nine-abreast racing.

 

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